Gender Discourses: Ethnicity, Culture
In the present era, woman has become the centre of discussion, in Indian society. Amartya Sen in his “more than 100 million woman are missing” mentions two main reason for gender inequality , first think is the cultural bias an discrimination at the top. Silivia Wallaby in her “theorizing patriarch” depicts patriarchy as a system of social structures and practices in which men dominate oppress and exploit women. Girish Karnad’s plays are very significant from feministic point of view. He flavoured the Indian English drama by turning back to roots and showed how folk, myth and history can work as a powerful medium to dramatize contemporary status . He critically evaluates his women characters. They are protestor against social structure which suppresses woman’s position. The ideological construction of gender keeps the male dominate and female in shadow. Therefore, role of women should be redefined. It should be done in two ways, first to be within family and then in public where there is patria lay of men. The gender – bias in society and oppression of women by the patriarchal order from an important of Karnad’s plays. In his plays, Karnad picture the condition of a typical Indian female ruled by patriarchal order bounded by tradition but those spirit remains unbounded. As a man of humanism, Karnad tries to give the voice to this silenced majority through his plays. Devayani, Sharmistha and Chitralekha in Yayati, Kapila and Padmini in Hayavadana ,Rani and Kurudavva in Naga-Mandala. Tribals: Mitilai and Vishakha in The Fire and the Rain, Mahout in Bali , the Sacrifice, Chandravati in Flowers, Malini in Broken Images and Rahabai in Wedding Album,represent the Karnad’s effort to give them the voice to speak. The present paper discusses various philosophical and theoretical aspects of women who struggle audaciously against patriarchy, male dominance and gender discourses. Karnad is as an embodiment of a rich culture of this field. This is how women characters of his plays become subject of discussion in various ways.
Keywords: Gender, Class, Culture, Ethnicity, Patriarchy.
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